We are very pleased about your interest in our company. Data protection is of a particularly high priority for the management of Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH. The use of the Internet pages of the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH is possible without any indication of personal data. However, if a data subject wants to use special services of our enterprise via our website, processing of personal data could become necessary. If processing of personal data is necessary and there is no legal basis for such processing, we will generally obtain the consent of the data subject.
The processing of personal data, such as the name, address, e‑mail address, or telephone number of a data subject shall always be in line with the General Data Protection Regulation, and in accordance with the country-specific data protection regulations applicable to the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH. By means of this data protection declaration, our company would like to inform the public about the type, scope and purpose of the personal data we collect, use and process. Furthermore, data subjects are informed of their rights by means of this data protection declaration.
As the controller, the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH has implemented numerous technical and organizational measures to ensure the most complete protection of personal data processed through this website. Nevertheless, Internet-based data transmissions can always be vulnerable to security risks, so that absolute protection cannot be guaranteed. For this reason, every data subject is free to transmit personal data to us by alternative means, for example by telephone.
- personal data: Personal data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (hereinafter “data subject”). An identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person.
- Data subject: The data subject is any identified or identifiable natural person whose personal data are processed by the controller.
- Processing: Processing means any operation or set of operations which is performed upon personal data, whether or not by automatic means, such as collection, recording, organization, filing, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction.
- Restriction of processing: Restriction of processing is the marking of stored personal data with the aim of limiting their future processing.
- Profiling: profiling is any type of automated processing of personal data that consists of using such personal data to evaluate certain personal aspects relating to a natural person, in particular to analyze or predict aspects relating to that natural person’s job performance, economic situation, health, personal preferences, interests, reliability, behavior, location or change of location.
- Pseudonymization: Pseudonymization is the processing of personal data in such a way that the personal data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject without the use of additional information, provided that such additional information is kept separate and is subject to technical and organizational measures to ensure that the personal data is not attributed to an identified or identifiable natural person.
- Controller: The controller is the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which alone or jointly with others determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data. Where the purposes and means of such processing are determined by Union or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for its designation may be provided for under Union or Member State law.
- Processor: A processor is a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body that processes personal data on behalf of the controller.
- Recipient: A recipient is a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body to whom personal data are disclosed, whether or not a third party. However, public authorities that may receive personal data in the context of a specific investigative task under Union or Member State law are not considered recipients.
- Third Party: a third party is a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body other than the Data Subject, the Controller, the Processor and the persons authorized to process the Personal Data under the direct responsibility of the Controller or the Processor.
- Consent: Consent means any freely given indication of the data subject’s wishes in an informed and unambiguous manner for the specific case, in the form of a statement or other unambiguous affirmative act by which the data subject indicates that he or she consents to the processing of personal data relating to him or her.
2. Name and address of the controller
The responsible party within the meaning of the General Data Protection Regulation, other data protection laws applicable in the Member States of the European Union and other provisions of a data protection nature is:
Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH
Fürstenrieder Strasse 279a
Phone: +49 89 74 120 – 370
The data subject can prevent the setting of cookies by our website at any time by means of an appropriate setting of the Internet browser used and thus permanently object to the setting of cookies. Furthermore, cookies that have already been set can be deleted at any time via an Internet browser or other software programs. This is possible in all common Internet browsers. If the data subject deactivates the setting of cookies in the Internet browser used, not all functions of our website may be fully usable.
4. Collection of general data and information
The website of the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH collects a series of general data and information whenever a data subject or automated system calls up the website. This general data and information is stored in the log files of the server. The following data may be collected: (1) the browser types and versions used, (2) the operating system used by the accessing system, (3) the website from which an accessing system accesses our website (so-called referrer), (4) the sub-websites that are accessed via an accessing system on our website, (5) the date and time of an access to the website, (6) an Internet protocol address (IP address), (7) the Internet service provider of the accessing system and (8) other similar data and information that serve to avert danger in the event of attacks on our information technology systems.
When using these general data and information, the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH does not draw any conclusions about the data subject. Rather, this information is needed (1) to deliver the content of our website correctly, (2) to optimize the content of our website and any advertising for it, (3) to ensure the long-term functionality of our information technology systems and the technology of our website, and (4) to provide law enforcement authorities with the information necessary for prosecution in the event of a cyber attack. Therefore, the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH analyzes anonymously collected data and information on one hand, and on the other hand, with the aim of increasing the data protection and data security of our enterprise so as to ensure an optimal level of protection for the personal data we process. The anonymous data of the server log files are stored separately from any personal data provided by a data subject.
5. Registration on our website (member login)
The data subject has the possibility to register on the website of the controller by providing personal data and after having been accepted into the network. Which personal data is transmitted to the data controller in this context results from the respective input mask used for the registration. The personal data entered by the data subject are collected and stored exclusively for internal use by the controller and for its own purposes. The controller may arrange for the data to be transferred to one or more processors, who will also use the personal data exclusively for an internal use attributable to the controller.
By registering on the website of the controller, the IP address assigned by the Internet service provider (ISP) of the data subject, the date as well as the time of registration are also stored. The storage of this data takes place against the background that only in this way can the misuse of our services be prevented and, if necessary, this data makes it possible to clarify committed crimes. In this respect, the storage of this data is necessary for the protection of the data controller. As a matter of principle, this data is not passed on to third parties unless there is a legal obligation to pass it on or the passing on serves the purpose of criminal prosecution.
The registration of the data subject by voluntarily providing personal data serves the purpose of the controller to offer the data subject content or services which, due to the nature of the matter, can only be offered to registered users. Registered persons are free to modify the personal data provided during registration at any time or to have it completely deleted from the data stock of the controller.
The controller shall provide any data subject at any time, upon request, with information about what personal data is stored about the data subject. Furthermore, the controller shall correct or delete personal data at the request or indication of the data subject, provided that this does not conflict with any statutory retention obligations. The entire staff of the controller shall be available to the data subject as contact persons in this context.
6. Subscription to our Newsletter
Users of Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH’s website can subscribe to the company’s electronical newsletter. The following notes contain information regarding the newsletter’s content and processes of registration, distribution, and statistical assessments as well as your right to object. By subscribing to our newsletter, you acknowledge the newsletter’s receipt and described processes.
- Newsletter Content: The Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH distributes newsletters, e‑mails and other electronical messages containing advertisement (“Newsletter”) only subject to the recipient’s consent and statutory provisions. We inform our clients and business partners regularly on current developments within our networks and within the field of industrial biotechnology. Our company’s newsletter can only be received principally by persons (1) who hold a valid email address and (2) who registered with the newsletter. A person who registers with our newsletter via his/her email address, will receive a confirmation email according to the Double-Opt-In procedure based on statutory provisions. This confirmation email serves the control whether the holder of the indicated email address authorized the newsletter’s receipt.
- Double-Opt-In andProtocolling: The newsletter registration takes place as a so-called Double-Opt-In procedure. I.e., you receive an email once you registered, in order to confirm your registration. This confirmation is required to validate the indicated email address. Newsletter registrations are protocolled to provide proof of the registration process according to statutory provisions. This process includes the storage of registration and confirmation time as well as the respective IP-address.
Upon registration, we also save the IP-address assigned by the Internet-Service-Provider (ISP) concerning the person’s used computer system at that time as well as date and time of the registration. Processing these data is required to be able to understand (possible) abuse of the email address at a later stage and serves the controller’s legal protection.
- Using Plug-ins „Campaign in Craft CMS”: The newsletter is distributed via “Campaign”, a Plug-in for Craft CMS of the Austrian provider PutYourLightsOn. The email addresses of our newsletter recipients, and their further described data, are stored on European servers. Campaign and Craft CMS process these information to distribute and assess the newsletter on our behalf.
- Registration Data: It is only required to indicate your email address to register with the newsletter. We optionally request your salutation, title, name and surname. These data only serve the newsletter’s personalization.
- Statistical Assessment and Analysis:
The statistical assessment includes the determination whether the newsletter has been opened, when it has been opened and which links have been clicked. These information can be associated with the respective newsletter recipient. However, we do not aspire to observe individual users. Instead, we use these assessments to identify the users’ reading habits as well as to tailor contents respectively or to distribute different contents concerning our users’ interests.
- Online View and Data Management: Our newsletters contain a link to view the newsletter online (e.g., in case of display difficulties within the email program). In addition, newsletter recipients can amend their email addresses, among other data, subsequently.
- Cancellation/Withdrawal: You can unsubscribe from our newsletter at any time, i.e., to withdraw from your agreement. Simultaneously, your agreement to the newsletter’s distribution via Campaign and its statistical analysis expires. A separate withdrawal from the newsletter’s distribution via Campaign or from the statistical assessment is unfortunately not possible. You find a link at the bottom of each newsletter to unsubscribe.
- Statutory Provisions of GDPR: In compliance with the requirements of the General Data Protection Regulation, being effective as of May 25, 2018, we inform you that the acceptance of the email address’ distribution takes place on the basis of Art. 6 sect 1 lit. a, 7 GDPR as well as § 7 sect. 2 no. 2 and sect. 3 UWG (Act Against Unfair Competition). Using Craft CMS Plug-in Campaign, statistical assessments and analysis as well as protocols of registration processes are based on our eligible interest according to Art. 6 sect. 1 lit. f GDPR. Our interest concerns the application of a user-friendly and secure newsletter system, which also serves our business interests and complies with the user’s expectation.
We would like to point your attention to your right to object the future processing of your personal data according to statutory provisions Art. 21 GDPR at any time. The objection can particularly be against the processing for the purpose of direct advertising.
7. Contact possibility via the website
Based on statutory provisions, the website of the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH contains data that enable a quick electronic contact to our enterprise, as well as direct communication with us, which also includes a general address of the so-called electronic mail (e‑mail address). If a data subject contacts the controller by e‑mail or by using a contact form, the personal data transmitted by the data subject will be stored automatically. Such personal data transmitted on a voluntary basis by a data subject to the controller will be stored for the purposes of processing or contacting the data subject. No disclosure of this personal data to third parties will take place.
8. Routine deletion and blocking of personal data
The controller processes and stores personal data of the data subject only for the period necessary to achieve the purpose of storage or where provided for by the European Directive and Regulation or other legislator in laws or regulations to which the controller is subject.
If the storage purpose ceases to apply or if a storage period prescribed by the European Directive and Regulation Maker or another competent legislator expires, the personal data will be routinely blocked or deleted in accordance with the statutory provisions.
9. Rights of the person concerned
- Right to confirmation: Every data subject has the right, granted by the European Directive and Regulation, to obtain confirmation from the controller as to whether personal data concerning him or her are being processed. If a data subject wishes to exercise this right, he or she may, at any time, contact any employee of the controller.
- Right of access: Any person concerned by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to obtain at any time from the controller, free of charge, information about the personal data stored about him or her and a copy of that information. Furthermore, the European Directive and Regulation has granted the data subject access to the following information:
- the purposes of processing
- the categories of personal data processed
- the recipients or categories of recipients to whom the personal data have been or will be disclosed, in particular in the case of recipients in third countries or international organizations
- if possible, the planned duration for which the personal data will be stored or, if this is not possible, the criteria for determining this duration
- the existence of a right to obtain the rectification or erasure of personal data concerning him or her, or to obtain the restriction of processing by the controller, or a right to object to such processing
- the existence of a right of appeal to a supervisory authority
- if the personal data are not collected from the data subject: Any available information about the origin of the data
- the existence of automated decision-making, including profiling, pursuant to Article 22(1) and (4) of the GDPR and, at least in these cases, meaningful information about the logic involved and the scope and intended effects of such processing for the data subject.
- Furthermore, the data subject shall have the right to obtain information as to whether personal data have been transferred to a third country or to an international organization. If this is the case, the data subject also has the right to obtain information about the appropriate safeguards in connection with the transfer. If a data subject wishes to exercise this right of access, he or she may, at any time, contact an employee of the controller.
- Right to rectification: Any person affected by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to request the rectification without delay of inaccurate personal data concerning him or her. Furthermore, the data subject has the right to request the completion of incomplete personal data — also by means of a supplementary declaration — taking into account the purposes of the processing. If a data subject wishes to exercise this right to rectify, he or she may, at any time, contact any employee of the controller.
- Right to erasure (right to be forgotten): Any person concerned by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to obtain from the controller the erasure without delay of personal data concerning him or her, where one of the following grounds applies and insofar as the processing is not necessary:
- The personal data were collected or otherwise processed for such purposes for which they are no longer necessary.
- The data subject withdraws his or her consent on which the processing was based pursuant to Article 6 (1) (a) DS-GVO or Article 9 (2) (a) DS-GVO and there is no other legal basis for the processing.
- The data subject objects to the processing pursuant to Article 21(1) DS-GVO and there are no overriding legitimate grounds for the processing, or the data subject objects to the processing pursuant to Article 21(2) DS-GVO.
- The personal data have been processed unlawfully.
- The erasure of the personal data is necessary for compliance with a legal obligation under Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject.
- The personal data has been collected in relation to information society services offered pursuant to Article 8(1) DS-GVO.
- If one of the aforementioned reasons applies, and a data subject wishes to arrange for the erasure of personal data stored by the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH, he or she may, at any time, contact any employee of the controller. The Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH shall arrange for the erasure request to be complied with immediately.
If the personal data has been made public by the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH and our company is responsible for it pursuant to Art. 17 Para. 1 DS-GVO, Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH shall implement reasonable measures, including technical measures, to compensate other data controllers for processing the personal data published, taking into account the available technology and the cost of implementation, in order to inform the data subject that he or she has requested from those other data controllers to erase all links to the personal data or copies or replications of the personal data, unless the processing is necessary. The Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH will arrange the necessary in individual cases.
- Right to restriction of processing: Any person concerned by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to obtain from the controller the restriction of processing where one of the following conditions is met:
- The accuracy of the personal data is contested by the data subject for a period enabling the controller to verify the accuracy of the personal data.
- The processing is unlawful, the data subject objects to the erasure of the personal data and requests instead the restriction of the use of the personal data.
- The controller no longer needs the personal data for the purposes of the processing, but the data subject needs it for the assertion, exercise or defense of legal claims.
- The data subject has objected to the processing pursuant to Article 21 (1) of the GDPR and it is not yet clear whether the legitimate grounds of the controller override those of the data subject.
- If one of the aforementioned conditions is met, and a data subject wishes to request the restriction of personal data stored by the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH, he or she may, at any time, contact any employee of the controller. The Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH will arrange the restriction of the processing.
- Right to data portability: Any person concerned by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to receive the personal data concerning him or her, which have been provided by the data subject to a controller, in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format. He or she also has the right to transmit such data to another controller without hindrance from the controller to whom the personal data have been provided, provided that the processing is based on consent pursuant to Article 6(1)(a) of the GDPR or Article 9(2)(a) of the GDPR or on a contract pursuant to Article 6(1)(b) of the GDPR and the processing is carried out by automated means, unless the processing is necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of official authority vested in the controller.
Furthermore, when exercising the right to data portability pursuant to Article 20(1) of the GDPR, the data subject shall have the right to obtain that the personal data be transferred directly from one controller to another controller where technically feasible and provided that this does not adversely affect the rights and freedoms of other individuals.
In order to assert the right to data portability, the data subject may at any time contact the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH.
- Right to object: Any person concerned by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to object at any time, on grounds relating to his or her particular situation, to the processing of personal data concerning him or her carried out on the basis of Article 6(1)(e) or (f) of the GDPR. This also applies to profiling based on these provisions. The Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH shall no longer process the personal data in the event of the objection, unless we can demonstrate compelling legitimate grounds for the processing which override the interests, rights and freedoms of the data subject, or for the assertion, exercise or defence of legal claims. If the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH processes personal data for direct marketing purposes, the data subject shall have the right to object at any time to processing of personal data processed for such marketing. This also applies to the profiling, insofar as it is related to such direct marketing. If the data subject objects to the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH to the processing for direct marketing purposes, the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH will no longer process the personal data for these purposes. In addition, the data subject has the right, on grounds relating to his or her particular situation, to object to processing of personal data concerning him or her which is carried out by the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH for scientific or historical research purposes, or for statistical purposes pursuant to Article 89(1) of the Data Protection Regulation, unless such processing is necessary for the performance of a task carried out in the public interest. In order to exercise the right to object, the data subject may directly contact any employee of the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH. The data subject is also free to exercise his/her right to object by means of automated procedures using technical specifications in connection with the use of information society services, notwithstanding Directive 2002/58/EC.
- Automated decisions in individual cases, including profiling: Any data subject concerned by the processing of personal data shall have the right, granted by the European Directive and the Regulation, not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated processing, including profiling, which produces legal effects concerning him or her or similarly significantly affects him or her, unless the decision (1) is necessary for entering into, or the performance of, a contract between the data subject and the controller, or (2) is permitted by Union or Member State law to which the controller is subject and that law contains suitable measures to safeguard the data subject’s rights and freedoms and legitimate interests, or (3) is made with the data subject’s explicit consent.
If the decision (1) is necessary for entering into, or the performance of, a contract between the data subject and the data controller, or (2) it is made with the data subject’s explicit consent, the Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH shall implement suitable measures to safeguard the data subject’s rights and freedoms and legitimate interests, which include at least the right to obtain the data subject’s involvement on the part of the controller, to express his or her point of view and to contest the decision.
If the data subject wishes to exercise the rights concerning automated decisions, he or she may, at any time, contact any employee of the controller.
- Right to withdraw consent under data protection law: Any person affected by the processing of personal data has the right granted by the European Directive and Regulation to withdraw consent to the processing of personal data at any time. If the data subject wishes to exercise the right to withdraw consent, he or she may, at any time, contact any employee of the controller.
10. Legal basis of processing
Article 6 I lit. a DS-GVO serves our company as the legal basis for processing operations in which we obtain consent for a specific processing purpose. If the processing of personal data is necessary for the performance of a contract to which the data subject is a party, as is the case, for example, with processing operations that are necessary for the delivery of goods or the provision of another service or consideration, the processing is based on Article 6 I lit. b DS-GVO. The same applies to such processing operations that are necessary for the implementation of pre-contractual measures, for example in cases of inquiries about our services. If our company is subject to a legal obligation by which a processing of personal data becomes necessary, such as for the fulfillment of tax obligations, the processing is based on Art. 6 I lit. c DS-GVO. In rare cases, the processing of personal data might become necessary to protect vital interests of the data subject or another natural person. This would be the case, for example, if a visitor were to be injured on our premises and as a result his or her name, age, health insurance data or other vital information had to be passed on to a doctor, hospital or other third party. Then the processing would be based on Art. 6 I lit. d DS-GVO. Finally, processing operations could be based on Art. 6 I lit. f DS-GVO. Processing operations that are not covered by any of the aforementioned legal bases are based on this legal basis if the processing is necessary to protect a legitimate interest of our company or a third party, provided that the interests, fundamental rights and freedoms of the data subject are not overridden. Such processing operations are permitted to us in particular because they were specifically mentioned by the European legislator. In this respect, it took the view that a legitimate interest could be assumed if the data subject is a customer of the controller (recital 47 sentence 2 DS-GVO).
11. Legitimate interests in the processing pursued by the controller or a third party
If the processing of personal data is based on Article 6 I lit. f DS-GVO, our legitimate interest is the performance of our business activities for the benefit of the well-being of all our employees and our shareholders.
12. Duration for which the personal data are stored
The criterion for the duration of storage of personal data is the respective statutory retention period. After expiry of the period, the corresponding data is routinely deleted, provided that it is no longer required for the fulfillment or initiation of the contract.
13. Legal or contractual requirements to provide the personal data; necessity for the conclusion of the contract; obligation of the data subject to provide the personal data; possible consequences of non-provision
We would like to inform you that the provision of personal data is partly required by law (e.g. tax regulations) or may also result from contractual regulations (e.g. information on the contractual partner). Sometimes, in order to conclude a contract, it may be necessary for a data subject to provide us with personal data that must subsequently be processed by us. For example, the data subject is obliged to provide us with personal data if our company concludes a contract with him or her. Failure to provide the personal data would mean that the contract with the data subject could not be concluded. Before providing personal data by the data subject, the data subject must contact us. Industrielle Biotechnologie Bayern Netzwerk GmbH will inform the data subject on a case-by-case basis whether the provision of the personal data is required by law or by contract, or is necessary for the conclusion of the contract, whether there is an obligation to provide the personal data, and what the consequences of not providing the personal data would be.
14. Existence of automated decision making
As a responsible company, we do not use automatic decision-making or profiling.
15. Use of Google Analytics
This website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google, Inc. (“Google”). The use is based on Art. 6 para. 1 p. 1 lit. f. DSGVO. Google Analytics uses “cookies”, which are text files placed on your computer, to help the website analyze how users use the site. The information generated by the cookie about your use of the website such as.
- Browser type/version,
- operating system used,
- Referrer URL (the previously visited page),
- host name of the accessing computer (IP address),
- time of the server request,
are usually transferred to a Google server in the USA and stored there. The IP address transmitted by your browser as part of Google Analytics is not merged with other data from Google. We have also extended Google Analytics on this website with the code “anonymizeIP”. This guarantees the masking of your IP address so that all data is collected anonymously. Only in exceptional cases will the full IP address be transferred to a Google server in the USA and shortened there.
You can also prevent the collection of data generated by the cookie and related to your use of the website (including your IP address) to Google and the processing of this data by Google by downloading and installing the browser plugin available at the following link: http://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout?hl=de. As an alternative to the browser add-on, especially for browsers on mobile devices, you can also prevent the collection by Google Analytics by clicking on this link. An opt-out cookie will be set, which prevents the future collection of your data when visiting this website. The opt-out cookie is only valid in this browser and only for our website and is stored on your device. If you delete the cookies in this browser, you must set the opt-out cookie again. We continue to use Google Analytics to analyze data from Double Click cookies and also AdWords for statistical purposes. If you do not wish to do this, you can deactivate this via the Ads Preferences Manager (http://www.google.com/settings/ads/onweb/?hl=de).
Source citation: With the exception of point 6, which also comes in part from the following source: “Note on the newsletter according to the sample of lawyer Dr. Thomas Schwenke” and point 15, which was created by www.121watt.de, this privacy statement was created by the privacy statement generator of Kiel external data protection commissioner in cooperation with RC GmbH, which recycles used notebooks and the file-sharing lawyers of WBS-LAW.