What is Industrial Biotechnology?

On our site the concept of industrial biotechnology is different to that described by the following organizations. Industrial biotechnology hereafter includes all products that are produced industrially and biotechnologically or all industrial methods with at least one biotechnological step in the process. It is irrelevant whether the product or method are still in development, as long as the industrial application is sought as a goal.

In addition, we do not divide into sectors or "colors" (Pharma / Red, genetic engineering of plants / green, environmental / gray, etc.) because only the (intended) production on an industrial scale and the economic competitiveness of products / processes are crucial.

Some important characteristics and potentials of industrial biotechnology are:

  • Replacement of existing processes with environmentally friendly manufacturing together with cost-effective production ("Green Economy")
  • Production of materials with novel properties
  • Resource conservation and energy savings
  • CO2-neutral growth
  • Increasing independence from fossil fuels

Synthetic Biotechnology is seen as a branch of industrial biotechnology. In this biotechnological sector, novel or improved production organisms are developed (e.g. by the application of genetic engineering techniques), which in turn can be used in industrial production.

In the following sub-tabs you will find the definitions of Fraunhofer ISI (2007), OECD (2004/2005) and EuropaBio (2003).